September has flown by and with it the last of our summer visitors! October is a special month for me with various family occasions but I don’t like the autumnal weather this month can bring with deep low pressure systems carrying wet and windy weather! Like it or loath it this is also the Trick or Treat month with Halloween becoming ever more popular. The nights are drawing in and the light is getting dim but the garden is a riot of colour with trees putting on their autumn show! Don’t forget the clocks go back at 12am Sunday 27 October so time to draw the curtains, light the fire and enjoy the cosy nights in!
Prune climbing roses ensuring that all leaves have been collected to help prevent black spot.
Cut back summer flowering perennials that have finished flowering.
Plant out new perennials.
Lift and divide any overgrown perennials.
Lift and store dahlias and gladioli and be sure to label them as you remove them for winter storage.
October is a great month to plant heather.
Dead-head any remaining roses and cut back soft shoots which will help prevent die back in the winter, the main pruning can be carried out late February or early March.
Plant Lily of the Valley.
Lift tender perennials such as Agapanthus.
Sow Sweet peas to over winter in a cold greenhouse or cold frame.
Shorten stems on Buddleia and lavatera to prevent wind damage – cut the stems in half and carry out the remaining pruning in spring.
Plant up pots and tubs with spring flowering bulbs and bedding for winter colour.
Plant tulip bulbs.
Protect ponds with net or mesh to help prevent fallen leaves entering the pond.
Check ties and supports on young trees.
The frequency of lawn mowing can now be reduced.
Rake and collect fallen leaves and store in bin bags with holes to make leaf mould.
Clean the greenhouse.
Last chance to: